The bittersweet efforts for a regional governance of migration in Latin America.

The concept of migration governance implies a wide range of agreements, debates and discussions on migration, which aim at finding common answers to this phenomenon. Conscious of this, the countries of the Latin-America region did multiples efforts to set common guidelines for the management of migration and for the protection of the rights of migrants and refugees. Nevertheless, the process results are bittersweet if we contrast the range of commitments, agreements, declarations with their level of implementation. States usually disrespect their commitments due to political interests, questioning the tenor of the commitments assumed and the effectiveness of regional organizations of which they are part.
The present paper tries to go over the development of regional migration governance with the aim of highlighting the challenges that exist in the process of conformation of commitments on migration capable of overcome political swings and be respectful with migrants’ human rights.

Migration government with a focus in human rights: a challenge for Colombian regions

Colombia has been considered along history has a country of origin of migration. However, due to the migration from Venezuela, the country is facing a new reality being the main country of destiny for Venezuelans. This change supposes that the Colombian State has to adapt to the situation and to develop with urgency a comprehensive legislation on migration. The Congress should set the coordinates of the migration policy. However, it is also important to consider the reality of the different regions of the country.
This essay aims at reflecting on the necessity for Colombia to adopt a comprehensive regulation on migration with a focus on human rights and that consider the particularities of the diverse geographical areas that experience migration. The aim is to reflect on what is necessary to manage migration in an organized, secure way that is also respectful of individual rights, being this the only way that migration can be understood as a true opportunity of development.

Legal empowerment of the migrant population: instruments for social transformation

At present, Colombia is a territory characterized by being a country of destination of high migration flows. Most of this population finds itself in a situation of manifest vulnerability and social exclusion. This amounts to a de facto obstacle to an effective access and enjoyment of rights and to a very limited participation in the diverse contexts of society construction.
Considering the restrictions posed by formal-legal mechanisms in the access of rights, it is necessary to explore other channels in order for the law to become an accessible and available instrument for vulnerable migrants. The paper aims at analysing the diverse legal and no legal instruments available for an effective integration empowerment of vulnerable migrants and for the social transformation of their situation. It explores the use of mechanisms as strategic litigation, pedagogy of rights, brigades of social and legal services, street lawyering, among others.