Reforming Politics or Refining Policies: A China Perspective

China has been demanding policymaking accountability since the late 1990s. By continuously reforming its policymaking procedure and establishing various “Americanized” mechanisms, China adopted procedures that are quite similar to the western democracies in administrative policymaking, such as participation, evaluation and transparency.
This paper characterizes China’s reform as an initiative to “democratize” China’s executive administrative decision-making in order to increase the social acceptance to the public policy. While this reform committed to make the administrative policymaking more inclusive, responsive and transparent, it did not change the institutional environment under which the administrative polices were made.
It concludes that a reformative agenda towards “administrative constitutionalism”—a political transition to put executive agencies under the control of constitutional order—will give the hope to advance the stagnant reform.

Transparency and Participation in Courtroom: A Guangzhou Story

Looking at the Chinese judiciary’s role in expanding governmental transparency the past five years, this paper observed the expanded governmental transparency in Guangzhou city in forms of both transparency and participation. It argues that while the failure and success still mix, Chinese courts have successfully expanded powers over administrative agencies’ decision-making. The political talent judge will advance the transparency and participation in China.

Public Participation in Administrative Decision-Making: A Northwestern China Story

Public participation in administrative decision-making is one of the basic avenues to realize publicans’ rights. It is also the essence of publican mastering their own affairs. In recent years, China has carried on a valuable practice and exploration in public participation in the administrative decision. However, there still exist some problems: First, the main body of the participation is not clear; second, the civil-motion system of public participation doesn’t exist, third, the manners of participation are one fold. Fourth, the public participation cannot receive a feedback. Therefore, there are many hurdles in the process of institutionalization and legalization of public participation. Inspecting the success and failure in public participation in Northwestern China, we can find that constructing a mechanism of public participation is an important content to establish democracy and legal system in our country currently.