From Takashi Sakai to Kampala. China and the Criminalization of Aggression through the Looking Glass of the Dichotomy Justice and Maintenance of Peace and Security

Since the post-war ad-hoc tribunals in Nuremberg and Tokyo (1945), the outlawry of war and the attribution of individual liability for international crimes have shaped the tensions between justice and maintenance of international peace and security. The crime of aggression, originally prosecuted under the charges of crimes against peace, has set the most fertile ground for those tensions to grow.
In the convoluted process that led to the International Criminal Court, China – both as single state and permanent member of the Security Council – has proved its interest and support for the development and codification of the crime but it has also shown systematic reservations and setbacks. The paper tries to investigate the state-behavior throughout the development of the crime of aggression, to understand its inclination upon those tensions, and to interpret them building on a unique rationale that synchronizes national and international political mechanisms with the country culture.

Rethinking Public Diplomacy

In the past few years, countries worldwide had to face and solve many issues related to democracy and elections, public health regulations, and the use of technology. In doing so, they had to consider citizens but also the opinion of the international audience. In some cases, the way governments managed and are still managing these issues improved their image inside the country and in the international arena. In this proposed presentation, using South Korea as the main example, I will discuss how public health challenges became a way to improve countries' soft power through public diplomacy.

Platformization and Legal Protection by Design

The contribution will deal with the concept of platformization, intended as the penetration of the infrastructures, economic processes, and governmental frameworks of platforms in different economic sectors and spheres of life, as well as its relationship with the European legal system. In order to adapt to such to such enviromental technological changes, the European Union is going to need to provide some normative answers. As a consequence, the idea of legal protection by design wiill be used to compare and evaluate these normative choiches.

Management of Organizational Well-being and Health

By management of organizational well-being and health we mean the ability of an organization to promote and maintain the highest degree of physical, psychological, and social wellness of workers in any type of occupation. This topic represents an issue that involves different branches of knowledge, which range from Law to Philosophy and Sociology. Hence, the paper will focus on the analysis of the transformations in the organizational well-being study-methods considered from different perspectives, by taking into account the unstable environment in which public and private organizations have been operating during the pandemic crisis. For instance, in the Italian background, particular attention should be paid to the guidelines provided by the National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work to carry out surveys aimed at detecting the welfare conditions of employees and implementing interventions intended to improve the well-being of workers.

Citizenship and Membership: Theory and Challenges in Times of Global Crises. Citizenship vs Digital Citizenship?

Human beings all over the world are today more “post-national” thanks to technology, which is able to create even more intense bridges and bonds between people far away from the world than those close to us.
With the digital citizenship notion, we mean a set of rights and duties of citizens defined within the Internet. It would be a new and further typology of citizenship, not an alternative or opposite to the classic one, whose content can be considered aimed at simplifying the relationship between citizens, businesses and public administration.
There is no doubt that this scenario carries within it a strong egalitarian instance and proposes to citizens new forms of economic initiative.
On the other hand, however, digitization can even lead to the situation in which men are deprived of the human rights guaranteed by citizenship and therefore find themselves without any rights. All these aspects are intended to be discussed in this paper.