By relying on the recent Italian experience and by taking into account the measures provided for in the NGEU, the paper aims to examine how technological innovation can lead to reform public administrations through their digitization. The objectives of such a reform should include the interoperability between public administrations and the simplification of the relationship between public administrations and citizens. An essential step in this direction is the creation of the necessary infrastructures: in addition to requiring substantial resources and a mixed, i.e. legal-technological, approach, this calls also for new organizational and functional systems which should result from the development of partnerships between public bodies and multinational corporations in the digital innovation sector.
Crises such as pandemic are likely to have a detrimental effect on SMEs. The biggest impact on their functioning will be in terms of “long-term” consequences if any structural public policy is not taken into consideration. Thus, policymakers will need to adopt a more proactive role, coordinating new industrial efforts for coupling domestic capacities with the dynamics of Global Value Chains. Thus, the EFSI’s experience has inspired InvestEU, the Commission’s new MFF 2021-2027. The EFSI of the future will also play a key role in the NextGenerationEU package. Capital support to SMEs is open under all policy windows of InvestEU and it will contribute especially to the EU priorities of the green transitions. In this context, which will be the future role of actors such as the EIB and the EIB Group? How will they be coordinated with National promotional banks/entities or financial intermediaries and dedicated vehicles?
The paper will ultimately contribute to investigating urban experimentalism as a way to rethink the working method and administrative functions of cities towards a mission-oriented approach to urban policymaking and the challenge it poses to the law. It will analyze in particular the emerging phenomena of city science diplomacy, with empirical manifestations such as Science Hubs and Chief Science Offices that would act as a mission-oriented unit within the City to enable tech innovation and experimental policymaking. The paper will investigate how Science Hubs and CSOs can implement incremental models of policy making with policy learning at its core through the implementation of processes designed as policy democratic experiments through which urban policymakers experiment with several means to innovate urban policies involving the role of technology and data tackling the challenges posed by public and law and IP law.