Waste pickers base their livelihood in the recovery of materials from solid waste that can be recycled, their work in the framework of the pandemic was aggravated due to: changes in the behavior of citizens towards the generation of waste, the possible presence of the virus in them, as well as the mobility restrictions that were implemented. This article analyzes the regulatory response to inclusive recycling during the lockdown as a result of the declaration of a state of emergency (March-September 2020) decreed in Ecuador due to COVID-19 pandemic. The research studies qualitative data reported in the government's digital platforms, regulations, and published articles, related to integral management of solid waste, inclusive recycling and COVID-19. In addition, it has been studied the results of the national survey “Waste Management and Circular Economy” on the perception of citizens about recycling and waste pickers during lockdown, taking Cuenca as a case of study.
The Colombian state has developed a series of normative and political tools to address the challenges posed by climate change. This work, developed by the Research Group on Environmental Law of the Externado University of Colombia, identifies and analyzes the challenges and legal commitments of Colombia in the face of the global climate phenomenon, delving into the study of the 2015 Paris agreement from the perspective of international law and the behavior of Colombia in the face of the international commitments assumed.
The Political Constitution of the United States of Mexico declares in Article 39 that “National Sovereignty” resides essentially and originally in the people, and all public power emanates from the people and is instituted for their benefit. Until before the 2011 constitutional reform on human rights, the meanings of internal and external sovereignty were clearly understood to be separate. It is not this reform that the line between these two meanings has been intertwined.
As the concept of constitutional supremacy is a living expression of sovereignty itself, international treaties signed by the President of the Republic and approved by the Senate in accordance with the provisions of article 133 of the Constitution are the Supreme Law of the Union, which implies the incorporation of International Law on Human Rights as a sovereign act of the Mexican people themselves in the exercise of their democratic will.
The COVID-19 pandemic brings new challenges, one of them is on the issue of water. Water management can no longer be addressed and resolved exclusively through the legal instruments provided only by water legislation, especially the Code, which manifests itself especially when it comes to implementing Integrated Management of Water Resources (IWRM). Thus, it will be the subject of this work, the identification of the central aspects of IWRM and its recognition; the general characterization of the unitary water regime in Chile with analysis of some particularities in specific areas; and the proposal of legal bases based on the current regulation to do IWRM based on three classes of relevant legal instruments: regional regulations, strategic environmental assessment, and environmental quality standards.