Revolution 4.0 is already a reality, whose impacts are positive and negative. The present work is concerned with a negative aspect, the digital exclusion. They are two objectives. First, identify the reality of digital inequality in Brazil and propose legal and public policy tools based on the results obtained. The results reveal that, although there was global growth in access to information technologies in Brazil until 2018, the numbers do not reflect the reality of existing inequality. Indexes show that there is a digital elite, as well as first-class and second-class digital access, which implies the quality of use of digital instruments, and that such access has a distinction in the individual aspect (ethnicity, race, age and gender), and collective, in the aspect of region and zones.
With the emergence of what is called 4.0 Revolution, with the technology advance, in the actual social, economic and ideological contexts all marked by relations and communications mediated by technology, there is no way for the Public Administration’s future then using the same technology. In view of a dialogical and democratic Public Administration, more opened to the citizens and to their participation, the use of technology, as a form of open, transparent and dialogical government it is one way to achieve good public governance with expansion of citizen participation and improvement of trust. The brazilian system named “fala.br” it is an example of an initial project of interactive digital system of open government that allows change of data with all federal organs and with these and other federated organs and, the most important, with the citizens.
The development of the 4.0 revolution and the deployment of new technologies at the service of the information society and citizens in general, are gradually beginning to be accentuated within our reality, reaching the point of becoming a key part of the administrations' own exercise. However, for these to be effective, they must follow purposes set by governments. The first broad category of purpose is the improvement of public service, which itself includes technical and legal issues. It is by confronting these issues that open government and digital administration takes on a practical dimension and gives rise to much reflection. From a public law perspective, these processes should include administrative reforms that can be applied to the different branches of public power, developed through different legal instruments adapted to the proposed objectives.
The Brazilian National Data Protection Authority (NDPA) was created as a legal entity linked to the Presidency of the Republic. However, it is a transitory legal nature, liable to be transformed within up to two years after the entry into force of its regulatory structure. The aim of this research was to investigate the practical implications of the absence of autonomy by NDPA. The results were as follows: the absence of technical, scientific, organizational and decision-making autonomy frustrates the purpose for which the NDPA was created. In other words, the most adequate legal nature for the effectiveness of the NDPA attributions is that of a special autarchy, in the terms that was originally thought.