This paper aims to discuss the potentialities for sustainable development in Africa through the dialogue of the United Nations 2030 and the African Union Agenda 2063. While the 2030 Agenda seeks to achieve inclusive growth and development and promote economic, social and environmental, the AU Agenda 2063 advocates for structural transformation and people-centred development based on the strengthening of capacities in the areas of agriculture, industry and science technology and innovation. Poverty and inequality in highlights the relevance of both agendas for Africans. However, African States´s endorsement of both the global and continental agendas poses challenges of multiple implementations and underscores the needs to reconcile the goals both agendas through an effective and coordinated implementation strategy. The paper offers a comparative and critical analysis of the AU and UN agendas, stressing areas of convergence and questioning its implementation.
The 2019 Europe Sustainable Development Report compared the performance of the EU and its 28 member states and found that they face the greatest challenges on goals related to climate, biodiversity, and circular economy. In order for the EU and member states to be on the right path, the European Green Deal must ensure full decarbonisation of the energy system by 2050, promote the circular economy and achieve greater efficiencies in resource use and far lower waste and develop integrated policies to promote sustainable land use and food systems by 2050. However while pursuing these goals there is an inevitable challenge that is that of ensuring a transition to a fairer society. The paper will examine how the EU will approach getting back on the right track for the SDGs 2030, the role of the EGD and the necessary tools and regulatory changes to progress in a way that leaves no one behind, offering equal opportunities to all.
This paper aims to discuss the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the inclusion of LGBTI people, often under circumstances of discrimination, exclusion and vulnerability. In African continent, the prevalence of laws criminalizing the same-sex conduct challenges the objectives of SDG. The seventeen sustainable development goals cover a wide range of areas, and purpose to bring prosperity for all human beings. They are an opportunity to LGBTI people as they aspire more inclusive societies. Despite of this ambitious objectives, no reference to LGBTI people was made on the previewed milestones, neither to sexual orientation nor gender identity as grounds that may generate inequalities. Going in deep to the SDG, to the International Human Rights Law and sexual orientation, this paper aims to highlight the potentialities of the SDG to a better protection of LGBTI people in both African and Interamerican regional contexts.
The right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress and its applications (REBSPA) despite having been positivized as a human right in the UDHR and in the ICESCR, has not received enough attention in the past decades. This panorama ought to change, especially considering the growing importance of science and technology for all fields of human activities and interaction. It is not difficult to foresee the interdependence of the REBSPA to various classic human rights such as the right to health. The purpose of the paper is to rely on this interdependence but broaden it to encompass an emerging right to sustainable development. The REBSPA should be explored as an important means to sustainable development within a scenario of enforceable human rights but also as an imposition of international collaboration towards global necessary shared goals.
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development adopted in 2015 includes a set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (the SDGs) and 169 targets. These goals represent a multisectoral agenda that focus on equality and inclusive development going far beyond the Millennium Development Goals. The goals set by Agenda 2030 are critical to the America´s, particularly Latin America one of the most inequitable regions in the world.
Meanwhile, the Organization of American States (OAS) is not only anchored in values such as democracy, human rights, multidimensional security and integrated development but also reaffirms the principles and purposes of the United Nations. However, unlike its African counterpart, the OAS has not adopted a specific instrument that reflects the SDGs. This paper proposes to review and assess the steps already taken by the OAS to implement the SDGs and in doing so what has been the main challenges and achievements.