Women, sexual orientation, gender identity and constitutional changes in Hungary

The paper addresses the state-level of what is referred to as “gender regime” (in the current Western social theory) in a broad sense: the realm of legislation and policies that govern women’s issues, moreover the issues relating to sexual orientation and gender identity in Hungary. The analysis presents the developments regarding the following five topics: i) equality between women and men, ii) women’s bodies, iii) gender-based violence, iv) relationships, v) self-identified gender. Time frame covers developments since the political change in 1989/90, but at certain points looks further back in time. The paper concentrates on the constitutional level but discusses ordinary legislation as well to provide context. It aims to consider the changing nature of the “gender regime” in Hungary. The presumption is that the tendencies regarding the different issues are not necessarily convergent, and the approaches may be manifold, thus making a univocal and coherent narrative can be difficult.