Why read “The Transformation of Europe” today?

Indeed, why? This paper examines the seminal article by Joseph Weiler as a ‘European constitutional imaginary’: a set of ideas that provides the integration project with its utopia, the desired, but never-to-be reached destination. Constitutional imaginaries are however ideological at the same time: they hide from sight structures of power and domination established and maintained by them. Yet, the paper argues, such effects are inevitable and studying Transformation may help us understand why this is so and why originators of various constitutional imaginaries are far from dogmatic ideologues. In particular, the paper identifies Transformation’s links to the American liberal legalism, which after an internal crisis of 1980s got revived on the global scale at the End of History moment as “New Constitutionalism”.