Which perspective for the development of the right to the city in Europe?

The right to the city can be defined as the right of all inhabitants to use, occupy and produce just, inclusive sustainable cities, defined as a common good essential to a full and a decent life. This right has been recognized at supranational level. At national level it finds an express recognition, among others, in the Ecuador’s Constitution and in the Brazil’s City Statute. So the question is, in which way the right to the city has been granted and implemented in Europe? This presentation aims to illustrate the most significant experiences in the implementation of the right to the city at local level in Europe, with a particular attention to the forms of institutional participation. We will examine the Italian, the Spanish and the French cases, without neglecting other relevant examples, in order to demonstrate how an higher level of participation can determine an increasing trust in public institutions.