Vulnerability, race and COVID: a typology

The paper provides an overview of the potential interconnection of race and ethnicity, and sui generis vulnerability for the COVID-pandemic. The paper begins with outlining the social science context of the inquiry. The points of reference include conceptualizing and operationalizing race, ethnicity and membership in national groups/communities, in particular in the field of medicine. Following this, I turn to mapping out four distinct ways in how the virus may effect certain groups incommensurately and lead to systemic and institutional discrimination. This is followed by showing how Roma have been targeted by populist political rhetoric and securitizing law enforcement in lieu of the pandemic in Hungary.