After the fall of the iron curtain, Hungary formally kept its former (1949) Constitution in force. The document, which, as a result of `roundtable negotiations`, was changed in its substance by way of formal amendment and laid the ground for democratic rule and the rule of law, was enacted by the ’old’ parliament. In 2011, parliament enacted the new constitution (replacing the former one) called Fundamental Law, with the unilateral votes of the governing party. None of both documents was enacted in a deliberative constitution-making process: in 1989, the comprehensive amendment was enacted by a parliament which was not freely elected, while in 2011 there was no genuine debate on the constitution in the freely elected parliament. As a consequence, the paper argues, none of Hungary`s past and present constitutions’ was and is able to be the sources of public trust in democracy.
Our 2020 Annual Conference was scheduled to be held at the University of Wrocław in Poland on July 9-11, 2020.
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ICON·S Executive Committee has decided to postpone our 2020 Conference to 2021. Our next Annual Conference will take place from July 8-10, 2021, in Wrocław, Poland.
Procedural details regarding the organization of the 2021 Conference will follow in the months ahead.Join ICON•S