Transgender Persons in Pakistan: Enforcement of Fundamental Rights in the COVID and Post-COVID world

Since the enactment of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act in 2018 by the Parliament of Pakistan, the historically criminalised and discriminated transgender community has gained legal and social visibility although the enforcement of their rights lacks effectiveness due to key criminal, judicial and administrative limitations. These challenges have increased during the COVID pandemic when the trans community have faced new forms of violence and discrimination against them while access to administrative remedies and to justice have become even more difficult to obtain than in pre-COVID times, forcing them to go back to the limited protection of informal networks. In the post-COVID world, the resultant social, economic, educational and healthcare divide will be wider than before, making the design and implementation of new holistic measures for a real enforcement of equality and non-discrimination as granted in The Transgender Persons Act a crucial matter.