Towards a taxonomy of the use of constitutional reform and the constituent power in Latin America in the era of populism

Many of the recent processes of constitutional making and constitutional reform in Latin America have been framed in the so-called populism era. Thus, since the constituent process of Venezuela in 1999, the constituent assembly of Ecuador (2008) and the Constitution of Bolivia (2009), profound modifications have been made based on a proposal to strengthen social human rights, environmental issues within the framework of pluralism.

However, in these same countries, as well as in Colombia, Nicaragua and Honduras, constitutional reform was used to allow presidential re-election and thus consolidate popular leaders with ideologies of left or right that falls within the framework of populism.

The paper will analyze the use of the constituent processes and the constitutional reform, to make a taxonomy of the ways of using these mechanisms and thus verify if they comply with common patterns and what may be the aspects that differentiate them.