Literature on comparative constitutional law usually treats two different political rights as one: the right to vote and the right to register as a voter. The same frequently happens with international law. We can assume that those rights are coincidental in many democratic countries, indeed. However, as I posit using Brazil as an example, this is not a conceptual necessity, and differentiating between those rights is recommended for some reasons. Besides the methodological relevance, there are political and social gains in this differentiation. Special requirements to register as a voter, such as deadlines, procedure, place e.g., may apply and restrict political participation even in countries that formally recognize a universal right to vote. To escape the formalistic trap, it is important to check whether these conditions meet a democratic requirement. Also, in young democracies, having the title of a voter means recognition as a citizen, and thus to be treated as free and equal.
We look forward to welcoming you on July 3-5, 2023 for our Annual Conference entitled "Islands and Ocean: Public Law in a Plural World." The conference will take place at the Victoria University of Wellington, in New Zealand. We will be announcing more details about the conference soon, including financial support to early career and global south scholars!