Three Years with Coman: How Much Has Changed?

In 2018, the CJEU's judgment in Coman (C-673/16) dealt with free movement of same-sex spouses and its possible relation to national identity of Member States that do not recognize same-sex marriages. Looking back on the judgment after 3 years, this paper will review the academic reactions which ranged from criticism to celebration of the judgment. Using the example of the Czech Republic, it will then assess the judgment’s practical impact to see whether the initial expectations regarding future development came true, and identify potential barriers in the national law that could still hinder free movement of same-sex couples. Finally, the paper will discuss what lessons can be learnt from the Coman judgment for other similar cases before the CJEU, especially those concerning the status of children born to same-sex couples.