Threats against Political Rights and Democracy in Colombia: Execution of Political Leaders

Colombia has a particular context that impacts negatively and seriously human rights. However, as far as the violation of political rights is concerned, Colombia was declared internationally responsible by the Inter-American Court of Human Rights only three times. This paper tries to detect a pattern or degree of success (or failure) of the Colombian democracy in front of the IACtHR. To achieve this, it will focus on the reparations ordered by the regional tribunal and to what extent they are obeyed and complied with.
With this study, we will observe the impact these decisions have had on Colombia’s internal government and society (mainly in administrative, economic, legal, and social scopes). Moreover, this work has also given us an overview of the Inter-American system’s effectiveness, its benefits related to the impulse of actions to favour the Colombian democratic transition, and the more critical challenges it may face.