The use of Artificial Intelligence in public decisions: the new balance of powers

Historically, also public actors have collected large amounts of citizen personal data. In the last period, the increasing use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in public administration decision-making is forming new practices and challenging the previous balance of powers as well as the related public values. Particularly, when making decisions about citizens’ fundamental rights, the unpredictable consequences of AI use can be significant. Indeed, depending on the purpose sought, big data and AI can perform mere support functions for administrative action, or they can be identified in a new “active” role, replacing human activity, posing some threats to the application of the principles of efficiency, impartiality and transparency.Therefore, looking at the European level, this paper is going to analyze how automated decision-making processes in public decisions has reframed the balancing of powers between citizens and public actors.