The use and abuse of mechanisms of direct democracy in Mexico.

In recent years, a series of constitutional amendments have introduced mechanisms of direct democracy in Mexico—in particular, referendums (2012) and Presidential recall elections (2019). The first referendum in Mexico’s contemporary constitutional history took place last year and the first recall election will take place this coming April. This paper describes the ways in which mechanisms of direct democracy in Mexico so far have been hijacked by the ruling party while effectively excluding the citizenry. It will then discuss why this development is problematic both from a theoretical and constitutional law point of view.