THE UN DECLARATION ON THE RIGHTS OF PEASANTS AND OTHER PEOPLE WORKING IN RURAL AREAS AND GLOBAL AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION CHAINS. IMPACT ON AMAZONIAN INDIGENOUS FARMERS

Propelled by the force of various transnational NGOs, especially La Via Campesina, the 2018 UN Declaration on the Rights of Peasants, and other People Working in Rural Areas (UNDROP) altered the land scape of Human Rights Law by recognizing a new group for protection, that departs from the traditional identity categories. Peasants as a group especially protected by Human Rights coincide with other protected groups such as women and indigenous peoples. Intersectionality can very well resolve some of the problems related with women farmers, but for indigenous farmers it seems more complicated. Following the use of UNDROP in local court decisions in Colombia this paper tries to explore the possible use and the shortcomings of peasant subjectivity by indigenous peoples in the greater Amazonian region, focusing on Brazil and Colombia, in their resistance against land concentration and infrastructure created to sustain and connect global agricultural production chains with the Amazon.