The constitutional promises of 1988 are still not a reality for various vulnerable groups in Brazil. In this scenario, considerations on the crisis faced by human rights and their system of protection demand more specific contours. African-based religions bring together the religious expressions of the descendants of several enslaved peoples who have historically been persecuted by the Brazilian State. Despite the recognition of the right to freedom of religion by the 1988 Constitution, it is possible to identify persistent state practices against such religious segments. New forms of violation have also been identified in the daily life, such as the action of drug traffickers who prevent the so-called “Povo de Santo” (African religious people) from expressing their faith. It is relevant, therefore, to identify the technologies through which these practices present themselves so that effective mechanisms of protection can be built and strengthened by the legal system.