The soft law web in the Covid-19 Pandemic

Based on a comparative survey, the paper aims to outline the role soft law has played in the overall regulatory strategies implemented by European countries to counter the Covid-19 crisis (the soft law atlas), and to draw more general conclusions with regard to some key topics: how soft law tools interact and complement one another including on different levels of government (the soft law web), how soft law tools interact and complement the sources of the law (the interplay between soft and hard law), and the positive and negative impacts on individuals, governance and policy making during the pandemic and beyond (the soft law bright and dark sides).