Argentine federalism, as it was thought and argued for 140 years, has been shipwrecked. Its historical federalism responded to a categorical model where the barriers of the federal and the provincial were not only well established but also they provided certainty and they limited conflicts.
This has changed as the constitutional reforms of 1994 has not only made variations that directly affect Argentine federalism, but also carried out one of the most emblematic reforms that generate a resounding echo in the federal system.
The inclusion of human rights treaties with constitutional hierarchy impacted on what the provinces can and must do within their exclusive powers, since they find in this normative recognition a deep and extensive limit to their actions. These reforms would become the iceberg that damaged the institutional ship, and lead to the need to rethink federalism in light of the new constitutional commitments and moving from a provincial point of view to a citizen one.