The separation of powers in the aftermath of the pandemic in Italy

The presentation analyses the effects of the health crisis on the relations between the Italian Government and the Parliament; it focuses on the wide regulatory powers granted to the Government during the pandemic and explains why this was deemed compatible with the Italian legal system by the Constitutional Court. Then, the paper analyses the main decisions that the administrative judge has taken on administrative measures issued during the pandemic (e.g. school closures, vaccinations, COVID-19 Green Certificate, etc.), in order to identify some common trends. This will also allow the analysis of the outstanding role assumed during the pandemic by the administrative judge in safeguarding fundamental rights, by comparing it with the low involvement of the Constitutional court.