The Scope of Judicial Immunity and the Independence of the Judiciary

The purpose of the institution of immunity is to ensure that judges are free to exercise their powers and to guarantee their impartiality. The author will present various models of immunity protection for judges and consider whether it is possible to define the minimum requirements in this respect. The author will examine the extent to which judges should be protected from legal liability for acts related to their performance of their duties and whether immunity in criminal cases, concerning actions outside the courtroom may be seen as an essential element of the judge’s status. The author believes that defining a universally accepted standard of judicial immunity is important from a theoretical and practical point of view for a proper understanding of the concept of judicial independence.