The Role of the United Nations in Times of Political Change: the case of Jerusalem and the West Bank’s Cultural Heritage Law

The role of UN Institutions within the process of implementation of a multi-level safeguard for the protection of cultural heritage seems to be extremely difficult. International law offers protection of cultural heritage and cultural objects, both in terms of places of worships and minorities whose identity is threatened. A prime example of such protection can be found in Jerusalem, a gigli contested territory where long standing political changes have deeply affected the cultural heritage legal framework. The sea of international norms on the protection of heritage sites and minorities during armed conflict and occupation (IHL and IHRL) is a well rooted branch of international law, but hardly integrated at a national level in extra-ordinary situations. This paper explores new perspectives from the joint liaison of international, regional and national rules on the protection of world heritage sites and in areas of contested sovereignty.