Taking stock of the role of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights monitoring, triggering and cajoling implementation of its decisions

Low levels of compliance with the recommendations and orders of supranational human rights bodies remains a major challenge for those of us who see international courts as critical protectors of human rights. One key question we face is what role these bodies should play to ensure implementation of their own decisions? While the dynamics of implementation are multi-factored and multi-actored, human rights bodies like the Inter-American Court of Human Rights do more than mere monitoring of orders; rather, they trigger and cajole implementation in different ways (as explored by Sandoval, Leach and Murray, in Monitoring, Cajoling and Promoting Dialogue, JHRP, 2020). Of all international human rights courts, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights has proved to be the most innovative in responding to implementation challenges despite its limited resources. This presentation will explore the strength of its approach, which arguably rests on its ability to use and combine different tools to that end. The presentation will also explore the challenges the Court faces and potential ways to address them.