The role of Lava Jato operation in Brazil’s Constitutional Erosion

This paper aims to discuss the role of Lava Jato operation, which aimed to face cases of corruption in Brazilian politics, in preventing former President Luís Inácio Lula da Silva to take part in the elections of 2018, what led to the election of the extreme right-wing candidate Jair Bolsonaro. Therefore it will be presented how the decisions of the Brazilian Supreme Court on the possibility of executing a sentence of deprivation of liberty before the process is res judicata played a key role in this process. It will also be discussed how the Supreme Court itself recognized the violations on the due process of law occurred during the judgments of the cases involving former president Lula and the investigations developed in the scope of Lava Jato. The above mentioned episodes will be articulated with the concept of constitutional erosion, as they are central do demonstrate the misuse of the Judiciary to promote political goals.