The right to information on the processes of classification of the “secrets” of State of the Spanish government

In Spain there are no such declassification mechanisms and since the democratic era began, with the approval of the 1978 Constitution, secret information has never been declassified. In addition, the law that regulates that regulate these information classification processes are prior to the Spanish Constitution and, in episodes of investigation of the government, it has been possible to verify certain conflicts of competences between the authorities themselves with the capacity to classify information public and allow access.
This study deepens the knowledge of the mechanisms established by the current Spanish legislation on the possibilities of declassifying secret information and allowing the citizen to access it. Likewise, the use made by the government of its power to classify information has been reviewed, to determine if the matters and procedures that it has followed are in accordance with those established by law, or if there is a risk that it exceeds said power.