The protection of EU financial interest in Germany: administrative and criminal critical issues

In Germany, the EU financial interests in the subsidy area are often at risk at the operational level of the administrative procedure. As shown by the empirical study, critical issues relate mainly to access to information on aid granted: the limited traceability of individual subsidies results from the compliance to the so-called De Minimis Regulation and the exclusion of double founding. About criminal law profiles, the research emphasized the need to expand the forensic information technology of the state criminal investigation offices in terms of personnel, skills, and competences. This could help reduce and prevent criminal offenses. Furthermore, in this data sharing perspective, it would be useful to set up a central German national de minimis register to allow access to information on the aid granted. Research also shows that it could be useful to establish shared management of funds that allows for opening the scope and implementation of a national risk assessment strategy.