The problem of hate speech in the internet

The popularization of social media opened the door of the internet to the grave and increasing problem of hate speech, which isn’t as such a new challenge for society, politics and Law. But, as widely known, due to the porosity of the boarders and the huge impact caused by the acceleration of the speed of any kind of posting and sharing on the internet, hate speech became a worldwide phenomenon, reinforcing the urgent need for adequate regulation, prevention and interdiction, something to be faced by Law and the institutions at the domestic and transnational level. One of the major challenges is to find the proper balancing between the fundamental freedom of expression and the protection of human dignity, as well as the fight against any kind of intolerance. The goal of the paper is to analyze the problem in light of the European Court of Human Rights case law, the example of the recently enacted German Network Enforcement Act and the Brazilian constitutional order.