The Power and Function of the Cabinet in Japan

This study analyzes the role of the cabinet under Article 65 of the Japanese constitution. In general, three constitutional studies have defined the administrative power.
The prevailing view defines the role of the cabinet by excluding legislative and judicial power. The second approach defines it more positively as an actual, continuous function designed to achieve an overarching national purpose. The third one focuses on the leading role of the cabinet in forming public policies, defining it as part of the “executive” branch.
The current cabinet has been in place since 2012, from just after the Great East Japan Earthquake of 2011. The Abe government represents the longest-serving cabinet in Japanese constitutional history, causing the legislative branch to lose its purpose of forming basic national policies.
This study examines the definitions of administrative power in the text regarding the cabinet in the Japanese constitution.