The Polish Constitutional Court and European integration – the current breakdown and the price of distrust

The present crisis in the relationship between Poland and the European Union has crucial significance in light of the processes of European integration, as well as the processes of shaping global constitutionalism based on the values of liberal democracy. This article reveals this breakdown by analysing the current case law of the Polish Constitutional Court in European integration matters. It is argued that the root cause of the constitutional crisis in Poland is the departure from the principles of liberal democracy in the jurisprudence of the Constitutional Court, which are foundational – in the light of the assumptions of the integration process – for the axiological identity of the EU and its Member States. ‘Distrust’ becomes the notion providing a new lens for analysis of the proposed theme.