The Parliamentary institution during the Covid-19 pandemic: the role played by remote voting and participation

The paper focuses on the role played by Parliamentary institution in the context of the ongoing health emergency.
The Covid-19 pandemic has disempowered the Parliament in favor of the position of the Government, speeding up a process that has been underway in constitutional and democratic systems for a long time.
In particular, the aim of this paper is to assess the legitimacy, as well as the opportunity, of remote voting and participation in order to evaluate how the implementation of a “virtual Parliament” in many European countries has ensured the functioning of parliamentary bodies and the exercise of MPs’ prerogatives during the current health emergency.
The final purpose is to understand if the experience gained in response to the challenges posed by the Covid-19 pandemic might have an impact on the evolution of the role and functions of Parliament in the future.