The new data governance models in the context of the European Union

The European Union has launched an important regulatory enterprise aiming to improve the conditions of data sharing and re-use in the private and public sectors. The Data Governance Act and the Data Act are critical regulatory building blocks aiming to mainly improve the conditions for the data economy. They should also contribute to improving public services efficiency. This paper contributes to the discussion on new models of data governance. Focusing on the public sector, we analyse the preparatory documents in the legislative process of both proposals and build a conceptual framework to clarify the different envisioned regulatory solutions that were debated for improving data sharing, both from a Government to Business and Business to Government perspective. Such analysis will be put in perspective with the initial Open Government Data model. It will also assess the strengthening of European democratic values and fundamental rights, which was already promoted in the OGD model.