The multiple meanings of Administrative Procedure: a case study of BRICS

This article demonstrates that administrative procedure can have different meanings and contents depending on the legal order analyzed. In order to achieve this conclusion, a research on the legal rules of BRICS was made as a case study. The administrative procedure is an institute of recent development, not only in BRICS but also in major part of States, which was consolidated from the need to contain the authority of the Public Administration and to guarantee certain rights to the civil society. The hypothesis is analyzed through the study of the codification movements of administrative procedures and its evolution, specially after the APA in USA. The first part of the article is dedicated to this general historical perspective. In the second part, a comparative analysis of the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) is carried out to identify the various contents for the institute in those legal systems, proving that there are several relevant differences.