The limited protection of fundamental rights under the state of emergency: the case of Hungary

In Hungary, a significant number of governmental decrees and also parliamentary laws were passed under the state of emergency – a specific legal order introduced in relation with the pandemic. The majority of these pieces of legislation were directly connected to the health and economic crisis, however, many concerned other areas. E.g., the Constitutional Court – acting for the first time in its history under a specific legal order – had to examine the constitutionality of laws limiting the freedom of speech, the access to data of public interest, as well as limiting the financial autonomy of local governments.