The Influence of the ECtHR on Italian Democracy

Although Italy is one of the “founding fathers” of the European Regional System of Human Rights and a State with a solid democratic constitutional system, it turns out to be one of the countries with the highest “presence” in Strasbourg. Between 1959 and 2016, the European Court of Human Rights has ruled almost 2,500 decisions involving the Italian State, and in more of the 76% of them the ECtHR has found at least one violation of a right or freedom recognized in the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR). However, between 2014 and 2016 there was a significant descending trend, both in the number of decisions issued against Italy, as in the number of pending cases, which has been reduced considerably.
The aim of the present paper is to focus on judgments issued against Italy where the violation of Article 3 of the Protocol 1 of the (ECHR) was found.