Despite its troubled statehood, Taiwan has made progress in accepting major international human rights treaties since the late 1990s. Most significant of these were the ratification in 2009 of the ICCPR and the ICESCR. The same year, the adoption of the Implementation Act guaranteed the rights described in the two covenants. Against the backdrop of this development, this paper is aimed at analyzing how Taiwan incorporates the ICCPR into its legal system. Till now, much progress has been achieved but serious challenges still remain for its full implementation. The progress includes domesticating other core human rights treaties, facilitating the dealings of transitional justice, and legalizing same-sex marriage. Despite those developments, the abolition of the death penalty still faces many challenges. The government of Taiwan will take more action to move toward goal, which is compatible with the spirit of the ICCPR.