The inclusion of a gender perspective in the Mexican transitional justice process

Traditionally, transitional justice (TJ) has been applied when a country shifts from an authoritarian regime to a democracy or from a state of civil war to one of peace. However, in the case of Mexico, TJ is being attempted in a context with no clear transition, where serious human rights violations still afflict the country, many of them gender-based violations against women. Within this context, a public policy of TJ nevertheless seeks to clarify the factors that caused the violence, identify those responsible, reduce impunity, repair the victims for the damage suffered, rebuild the social fabric, and help to prevent the repetition of abuse. Although important advances have been made in constitutional and regulatory terms, a greater inclusion of a gender perspective in this policy will be fundamental in recognizing the diversity and intersectionality of women’s experiences of violence, their specific needs and efforts to seek truth, justice, reparation, construction of lasting peace.