The Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Swedish Public Law

The Swedish approach to Covid-19 has been described as a soft law approach. This is somewhat true but the picture is more complicated. It has also been argued that the particularity of the Swedish response resided in specific traits of Swedish public law, e.g. that administrative agencies are semi-autonomous in relation to the government.
The Corona Commission recently delivered its final report, concluding that the government did not steer its agencies sufficiently, that the initial response was slow, and pointing out a lack of pluralism in expertise related to public health emergencies. These findings can impact on the understanding, interpretation and future of fundamental public law principles, such as the separation of powers between the government and administrative agencies, and between the central government and regional and local authorities.
This paper analyses the main findings of the Corona Commission and what they might mean for Swedish public law and crisis management.