The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on Executive-Legislative relations in Brazil’s democracy

The article ponders about a democracy’s concept inserted into the logic of presidential systems, considering the work of Juan Linz, who explains that a cooperative relationship between Executive and Legislative is essential for the smooth functioning of state governance and institutions. Add to that reflections on the functioning of Brazilian presidentialism, called “coalition presidentialism” by Sérgio Abranches. Hence, considering that the COVID-19 pandemic created new economic, political, and social challenges, which generate risks for democratic conquests, this work seeks to analyze the legislative production carried out by the two branches of government in the 2020 pandemic year, compared to 2019 (before the pandemic and under the same legislatures). The objective is to verify if there are possible changes in the dynamics between Executive and Legislative in Brazil, as well as if there are impacts on the governmental and institutional stability caused by the pandemic.