The Extractive Industry and Foreign Security

The practices of extractive industries can be exploitative of the local communities within which they operate. Strained relationships between local communities and extractive industries can give rise to conflict and can lead to the commission of human rights abuses by police and military. This paper considers what role the UK can play in regulating UK corporate relationships with foreign state security forces in its extractive activities. The paper considers executive, legislative, and judicial responses to human rights abuses committed in the protection of foreign extractive industry. It acknowledges that Parliamentary Committee and FCDO reports do not attempt to articulate, yet alone resolve, the UK’s role in that conflict. Further, UK litigation is anomalous in terms of international standards and comparative trends. It will suggest ways of rectifying this regulatory framework through incremental judicial change or alternatively legislative change.