The EU legal order in a new world: between “strategic autonomy” and “normative autonomy”

In the middle of the crisis of multilateralism, at the rising of a multipolar world, the EU acts with a new attitude, pursuing a “strategic autonomy”. The EU wants to deal with increasingly frequent crises by a structural response, adapting its legal framework to changing times. “Strategic autonomy” is not a specific legal tool, but an approach that permeates all the policies of the EU, like CCP and CSDP. It leads to the adoption of new legal instruments, each of them with their own legal complexities and issues. The question is whether the EU legal order allows this effort to adapt. The ECJ asserts the “normative autonomy” of EU law. Does this legal principle imply the “strategic autonomy” approach? The paper investigates the interplay of these notions, in the specific field of CCP. Normative autonomy could push for the adoption of instruments implementing the “strategic autonomy”, but, to some extent, the consistency between the two notions of autonomy cannot be taken for granted.