The establishment of the Second Greek Republic as a “Weimar Moment”?

The Greek military defeat in Minor Asia (1922) had both political and institutional consequences. In 1924, the Liberals dictated the abolishment of monarchy and the establishment of the Second Greek Republic. Following the example of Weimar, the new democratic regime pursued the consolidation of political democracy and the development of a welfare state. A new Constitution was voted in 1927 which not only enshrined the parliamentary system, but it also established a second chamber, partially influenced by the German “Reichswirtschaftsrat”. Furthermore, it contained several social rights. After the outburst of the financial crisis, the Weimar state of exception inspired the Greek political staff. The Prime Minister proposed the adoption of a constitutional norm which would be similar to the article 48 of the Weimar Constitution. However, this reform was never concluded, since the Liberals lost the elections of 1932.