The ESM and the exclusion of the European Parliament: a waiver to the checks and balance?

Notwithstanding the intention to change the intergovernmental form of the Treaty of ESM and to incorporate it into EU Law expressed in the joint Franco-German declaration on 19 June 2018 in Meseberg, this road was then excluded for the resistance of some States. Indeed, the on-going reform of the ESM Treaty exemplifies a tendency of the Member States to cooperate among themselves outside the current Treaties framework and in spite of the possibilities offered by the Lisbon Treaty.
The exclusion from the EU legal framework has several (obvious) consequences in term of accountability and institutional balance. The present contribution is aimed to analyse the impact of this choice on the role of the EU Parliament as well as on the consequences on the democratic principle, in a time that appears crucial for the future of the EU integration.