The Current Democracy Erosion – Example: Brazil

This paper analyzes the current democratic crisis in some countries, to contextualize and understand the reasons for the rise of an authoritarian populist in Brazil.
The main characteristics of this worldwide democratic crisis are: collapse of democracy not by ruptures, but in a gradual process of “erosion” of democratic institutions; rise of right-wing, intolerant conservative governments and authoritarian populists; spread of social networking and fake news.
In this scenario, Brazil became an example of democracy erosion, with the election of Jair Bolsonaro in 2018, a right-wing populist with typical characteristics, such as emphasis on militarism, defense of family and religion, rejection of human rights agendas. Among the reasons for his election were the Lava-Jato Operation and its determination of Lula’s ineligibility; repeated allegations of corruption involving the Workers’ Party (PT); economic crisis in the second term of President Dilma Rouseff (PT); spread of fake news.