The Constitutionalization of Sexual Citizenship in Central and Eastern Europe

Over the last decades constitutionalism in Central and Eastern Europe has become a battlefield around issues such as same sex marriage, abortion, and, more recently, the very concept of sex/gender itself, all of which can be seen as deeply entangled with the notion of sexual citizenship. The article maps constitutional struggles in the region and tries to identify the actors and factors (cultural, legal and political), behind the attempt to locate the struggle around the definition of sexual citizenship and, relatedly, the entrenchment of gender roles, in constitutional politics. Our hypothesis is that reactionary political forces seek the Constitution as a site in which to operationalize a gender conservative (?) national identity project which can gather broad popular consensus and thus present itself as transcending political divides. This nationalistic project aims to affirm itself both against a communist past and a Europe-led though which exercise a form of cultural hegemony.