The Constitutional Challenge for the Promotion of Egalitarian Cities in Chile

For the last four decades, Chile has implemented a market-oriented approach to urban development and the provision of affordable housing through an institutional framework that, to a significant extent, responds to the neoliberal transformation adopted by the military dictatorship in the late 1970s and early 1980s. The implementation of this approach has been successful in facilitating private real estate development, and in expanding access to formal housing, but has reinforced urban inequality and socioeconomic segregation within Chilean cities. This paper explains the deficiencies of the existing institutional framework with respect to the promotion of more egalitarian cities in Chile, and explores mechanisms through which the new constitution that is currently under discussion in the country may facilitate the implementation of a new policy approach with a stronger commitment towards more equal and inclusive urban areas.