The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia: A trust-worthy fairy tale?

After fifty years of Soviet occupation, Estonia regained its independence in 1991. Within only seven months, a new constitution was drafted. Estonia’s constitution can be determined by its five fundamental principles: human dignity, democracy, the rule of law, the social state and the Estonian identity.
Estonia has been the best performer of the Freedom House’s survey on the development of democracy in formerly communist countries. However, the 2019 parliamentary elections brought Estonia’s populist party as a coalition partner into government. This has given reason for various constitutional controversies and led Estonia’s president to conclude that the government poses a danger to the constitutional order. What role has the constitution played in Estonia’s successful democratization process and beyond? How does it withstand the challenges posed by the arrival of the populists in government? The paper takes a closer look at this questions, consulting also authors of the constitution.